Replacements and Substitutions

Product ingredients can change from time to time, so keep checking the labels even if it is a product you have bought before. Also, do not rely on ingredients lists from online companies where you are not sure which country the list originates from as different ingredients are used in different countries. Be vigilent, check, check, check.

Butter Olivani margarine (not the lite, it is not vegan), replace weight for weight.
Olive Oil, replace half a cup of butter with one third a cup of oil, light virgin oil works best.
Avocado oil can work well in some things too.
Buttermilk Add one teaspoon of apple cider vinegar or lemon juice to your milk and let it sit for a couple of minutes.
Cheese Store bought vegan cheeses.
Make your own out of nutritional yeast (I use the Lotus brand from a health food store which has the ‘melty cheese’ recipe on the back of the pack. I keep a squirty bottle of it in my fridge. Good for nachos and pizzas).
Sprinkle nutritional yeast flakes on foods for cheese flavour.
can contain whey and milk solids
Some of Whittakers and Richfields varieties are vegan. Check the ingredients lists of the dark chocolates of these and other brands.
Cereals Check for D3 of animal origin and animal based glycerin.
Cochineal Red Food Colouring Try beetroot juice for a natural colourant.
Cream For a pouring cream use coconut cream.
Cream Cheese Try soy yoghurt with a bit of lemon juice.
Eggs Egg replacers can be purchased at health food stores and I have seen some in supermarkets or make your own with one of the following two recipes:
1 tsp baking powder, 2 Tbsp flour & 3 Tbsp water.
2 Tbsp cornstarch beaten with 2 Tbsp water.
Eggs, baking:
substitutes for one egg
1-1/2 tsps store bought Egg Replacer powder mixed with 2 Tbsp water.
Eggs, binding:
substitutes for one egg
Half a small banana mashed (good for pancakes, muffins & some breads).
Flaxseed Meal (15ml or 1Tbsp) with water (45ml or 3Tbsps).
1/4 cup of applesause, canned pumpkin or pureed prunes and add an extra 1/2 tsp baking powder to the recipe if you do not want a heavy texture.
Eggs, cooking:
substitutes for one egg
1/4 cup of any type of tofu blended with the liquids in the recipe.
Some recipes you can use a heaped Tbsp flour with 1 Tbsp water.
For scrambled eggs, fry mashed tofu with herbs, spices & chopped veggies.
Note for flat things like pancakes you can replace with a tablespoon of water per egg or for better binding use banana mashed.
Eggs, leavening:
substitutes for one egg
Any of the above replacements but increase the amount of baking powder or baking soda.
Keep in mind that results for recipes that ask for 3 or more eggs might not be satisfactory.
made from the boiled bones, skins and tendons of animals
Agar flakes or powder,
Guar gum,
are all available at Health Food Stores.
You may also be able to find a vegan fruit gelatin/e product.
may be animal or fish derived
Check the labels and phone the companies.
What about that label on the can of food that appears to be vegan?
Honey Agave syrup,
Maple syrup,
Granulated or brown sugar (depending on what taste you want).
Melt sugar in a small pan with a few drips of water to make a liquid caramel.
Ice Cream Store bought brands (So Good, Lite Licks, etc),
Sorbet or gelato (just check the ingredients),
Homemade dairy free ice creams,
Freeze a bananna then mash it, you will be pleasantly surprised.
Margarine Olivani but NOT the lite, it’s not vegan.
Marshmallows Visit Angel Food
Milk Many options here, but depends on your tastes:
Soymilk* (high in protein but strong flavour),
Ricemilk (thin like water, sweet and neutral flavour),
Oatmilk (neutral flavour),
Nut milks and Coconut milks are good for desserts, rice dishes and soups.
*Note that not all soy milks are created equal, try different brands, you will notice the difference and if using soymilk in cooking savoury dishes try half milk half vege stock for a better taste
Paints for artwork Do not buy ivory black or bone black. There are other choices of black, just check the labels.
Potato Chips Check the ingredients list, some brands are dairy free and vegan.
Processed photos Use a digital camera.
Shortening Buy vegetable shortening like Kremelta brand.
Sour Cream There are many recipes on the internet, some work well.
Stocks Store bought Massel brand, vegetable, beef style and chicken style are all vegan. Find it at health food stores or some larger supermarts either have it in the stock/sauces aisle or in the ‘international’ aisle.
Sugar Chelsea (NZ) does not use the old method of refining their sugar with bone char as a decolourant.
Wineries might use animal-derived products to clarify their wines
Just check that the process does not include milk, egg or fish.
Wright’s Wines in Gisborne is Vegan and can be ordered online or there may be a stockist near you.
Yoghurt Store bought soy yoghurt like Kingland and Bean Me Up.


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